Register for an account

X

Enter your name and email address below.

Your email address is used to log in and will not be shared or sold. Read our privacy policy.

X

Website access code

Enter your access code into the form field below.

If you are a Zinio, Nook, Kindle, Apple, or Google Play subscriber, you can enter your website access code to gain subscriber access. Your website access code is located in the upper right corner of the Table of Contents page of your digital edition.

The Sciences

Physicists Discover a ‘Quarky’ Quintet

LHC experiment reveals exotic, short-lived particles with five quarks.

Newsletter

Sign up for our email newsletter for the latest science news

LHCb.jpg
The LHCb magnet, shown under construction in 2008, studies bottom quarks and was responsible for revealing the pentaquark. | Peter Ginter/CERN

The world at scales smaller than a proton is strange — one might even say “quarky.”

Quarks are fundamental particles that come in six flavors — yes, that’s the official term — which also have antimatter equivalents. They’re never found alone, but nearly always in pairs (called mesons) or trios (called baryons), which include protons and neutrons. Four-quark particles, tetraquarks, have been observed only in particle collider experiments.

Naturally, physicists were surprised when they detected two different particles with five quarks.

The July announcement of these pentaquarks came from the Large Hadron Collider — the world’s largest particle accelerator, located in a 17-mile tunnel under the French-Swiss border. The LHCb experiment, which specifically looks at the behaviors of particles containing “bottom” flavored quarks (also called “beauty,” which is what the “b” stands for in LHCb), made the discovery.

The pentaquark discoveries represent a new, exotic form of matter that scientists don’t entirely understand yet. The particles lived for a tiny fraction of a second before disintegrating, but that’s enough to give scientists a new puzzle to ponder.

[This article originally appeared in print as "A 'Quarky' Quintent."]

2 Free Articles Left

Want it all? Get unlimited access when you subscribe.

Subscribe

Already a subscriber? Register or Log In

Want unlimited access?

Subscribe today and save 75%

Subscribe

Already a subscriber? Register or Log In