Register for an account


Enter your name and email address below.

Your email address is used to log in and will not be shared or sold. Read our privacy policy.


Website access code

Enter your access code into the form field below.

If you are a Zinio, Nook, Kindle, Apple, or Google Play subscriber, you can enter your website access code to gain subscriber access. Your website access code is located in the upper right corner of the Table of Contents page of your digital edition.


How Tilt-Shift Photography Tricks Your Brain Into Seeing Things Tiny

Landscape photographs look like dioramas when you use this technique.

By Susan KruglinskiJuly 1, 2006 5:00 AM
The Roman Colosseum | Olivo Barbieri


Sign up for our email newsletter for the latest science news

In artist Olivo Barbieri's photographs, the six-acre Roman Colosseum resembles an upside-down soda cap, Las Vegas and Rome look like model-train landscapes, and an 80,000-ton boat seems as if a child could pluck it from the water.

To create this effect, Barbieri uses a tilt-frame camera to shift the plane of focus so that it is out of alignment with the film. Normally, this allows wide-angle aerial views to be captured in proper perspective. But used incorrectly, an optical illusion occurs.

We perceive the huge structures as miniature because of the blurring created by Barbieri's overly shallow focus, says visual neuroscientist Ray Phinney of Wheaton College in Illinois. "If you were actually looking at a model, your eye would be focusing at a short distance, so things closer and farther away would be blurred in a similar way," he says. Phinney adds that the naturally bright, washed-out look of the images cinches the trick—the loss of detail makes objects seem even more model-like.

Olivo Barbieri
Las Vegas | Olivo Barbieri
Rome | Olivo Barbieri

3 Free Articles Left

Want it all? Get unlimited access when you subscribe.


Already a subscriber? Register or Log In

Want unlimited access?

Subscribe today and save 70%


Already a subscriber? Register or Log In