For years, solar energy researchers have tried to imitate the success of photosynthesis by building devices like an artificial leaf
and a solar cell that hijacks chemistry of photosynthetic bacteria
that also happens to be very cheap: all you need is some "stabilizing powder" and plant waste. Mowed your lawn lately? The stabilizing powder is a mix of safe, easily attainable chemicals that preserves photosystem I
, a protein complex that captures light energy in plant cells. (In contrast, the newest photovoltaic cells in solar panels require metals that are rare
.) The powder is mixed with plant matter such as grass clippings and crushed, and the resulting green goo is spread onto glass or metal substrate. Hook up wires to capture the electric current and that's your solar panel. The efficiency of these solar panels is only 0.1%, compared to the 15 to 18% efficiency of solar panels
out in the market right now. Lead researcher Andrew Mershin says the technology still needs to improve 10-fold to become practical. After all, being able to power only one lightbulb with a whole house covered in solar panels isn't much help. But the great advantage of all this is that it's easy and dirt grass cheap. Because the barrier to entry is so low, anyone would be able to order a bag of chemicals and make their own solar panel. Mershin hopes home tinkerers experiment with the cells and find new ways to make improvements. Correction, February 6: We eliminated a reference to mulch in the headline: mulch is low in chlorophyll, so it wouldn't actually work for these plant-powered solar cells.