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The Sciences

Image of the Year: Our Sun Lets Out a Roar

A sunspot nearly 80,000 miles across was seen in 2014 — the largest in 24 years.

By Ernie MastroianniDecember 10, 2014 8:46 PM
sunspot.jpg
Randall Shivak and Alan Friedman/Averted Imagination

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image_of_the_year.jpg
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center/SDO/Jim Forbes/Discover

Although the sun’s current 11-year cycle of activity is one of the quietest ever recorded, this Oct. 20 image (left) is anything but calm. The composite combines different views of extreme ultraviolet light captured by NASA’s space-based Solar Dynamics Observatory. The coronal loops — massive magnetic arches of hot gas — sizzle at 1.8 million degrees Fahrenheit (yellow), while plumes of plasma (red) simmer at a relatively cool 90,000 F.

In October, the area known as active region 12192 (the bright patch on the left side of the main image) spawned the largest sunspot group in 24 years. According to NASA solar scientist C. Alex Young, the region is unusual because it produced fairly large solar flares but not the huge coronal mass ejections that typically occur at the same time, sometimes damaging satellites.

sunspot.jpg
Randall Shivak and Alan Friedman/Averted Imagination

In October, the area known as active region 12192 (the bright patch on the left side of the main image) spawned the largest sunspot group in 24 years. According to NASA solar scientist C. Alex Young, the region is unusual because it produced fairly large solar flares but not the huge coronal mass ejections that typically occur at the same time, sometimes damaging satellites.

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