First, if you are a regular reader, and have not done so, please take the Summer 2010 Gene Expression survey. A horse is a horse, of course of course. Horses, like dogs, may be able to "read" human cues. In general intelligence dogs are less intelligent than wolves, but geniuses at this. In fact before this highly provisional finding they were the only non-human species able to engage in this sort of behavior. Horses are less intelligent than donkeys, but I wonder if they're more intelligent in this domain than donkeys. Donkeys are more like cats, and horses more like dogs, if we're going to do analogies. The latter have a much tighter connection with humans. From the perspective of aliens I wonder if humans their co-evolved organisms (dogs, horses, chicken, wheat, rice cow, pig, etc.) are like a movable ecosystem. Thirteen new sample sets make their debut on the population genetics scene (Xing et al. 2010). I agree with the skepticism of the interpretation of the hypothesis that the ANI were Middle Eastern, for what it's worth. Human Induced Rotation and Reorganization of the Brain of Domestic Dogs. If humans can induce this sort of evolution of dogs, why not on themselves? Leak May Hurt Efforts to Build War Support. I thought that was the point? Learning Multiple languages from Multiple teachers. Looks like there are different "equilibrium states." So what shocks societies from state A to state B?