We have completed maintenance on DiscoverMagazine.com and action may be required on your account. Learn More

A Better Solar Panel Through Buckets of Water, Rocks

By Bill Andrews
Mar 6, 2019 5:00 PMMay 17, 2019 8:31 PM
solar panel frame
The simple frame that allows a solar panel to track the sun and increase energy production. Buckets would hang from either side. (Credit: Beth Parks)


Sign up for our email newsletter for the latest science news

Rare is the tech story whose main development is decidedly low-tech – but not impossible. Rather than a fancy atomic clock or rat cyborgs, for instance, this tech story deals with buckets of rocks and water. Well, solar panels too, but that’s not the cool new part.

Today, at a meeting of the American Physical Society, Colgate University physicist Beth Parks described a new way to wring even more energy from a solar panel — a major development for people with no access to reliable power, such as those in developing countries or folks who live off-the-grid. Rather than install the panel in a stationary position, Parks helped come up with a rotating frame that allows the panel to follow the sun as it traverses the sky.

Buckets of Fun

Here’s where that high-tech equipment comes in. Rather than use motorized components, Parks’s solar panel rig moves thanks to the power of gravity, using a bucket of rocks and a bucket of water. The former, a stationary weight, hangs off the west side of the rig. Counterbalancing it, on the east side, is the water — but, this bucket has a leak in it.

When it’s heavier, in the morning, it outweighs the rocks, so the solar panel points east, toward the sun. In the evening, after leaking all day, the bucket is lighter than the rocks, so the panel points westward, toward the sun. And in between, Parks got the panel to roughly follow the sun from east to west by controlling the rate of leaking water (a phenomenon familiar to any calculus student).

It’s the kind of idea that’s so simple, it really works. Over 20 random days of testing, the bucket-powered solar cell collected 32 percent more energy than a stationary setup nearby. That’s nearly a third more energy, all thanks to a couple of buckets!

Solar Panel Power

Parks came up with the idea, and tested it, during a year in in Uganda, where she worked with students at the Mbarara University of Science and Technology. They were careful to make the frame itself simple enough for local welders anywhere in the world to create.

Parks also calculated that the total cost of her setup — including the panel itself, a charger and the rotating frame (buckets not included I guess) — was about 10 percent less than the equivalent for a standard rooftop setup. So not only does this new design capture more energy, it actually costs less to use it.

Parks hopes her design can help people who live without reliable access to electricity (as about 70 percent of Ugandans do), where just keeping a phone charged and the lights on can involve long treks and hazardous conditions. With any luck, households and small businesses the world over might now have cheaper access to more energy.

And, not insignificantly, it’s an energy-efficient means of exploiting clean, renewable solar power. So it turns out this rare kind of low-tech tech story is also that rare environmental story — the kind with a happy ending.

1 free article left
Want More? Get unlimited access for as low as $1.99/month

Already a subscriber?

Register or Log In

1 free articleSubscribe
Discover Magazine Logo
Want more?

Keep reading for as low as $1.99!


Already a subscriber?

Register or Log In

More From Discover
Recommendations From Our Store
Shop Now
Stay Curious
Our List

Sign up for our weekly science updates.

To The Magazine

Save up to 40% off the cover price when you subscribe to Discover magazine.

Copyright © 2024 Kalmbach Media Co.