#30: New Fossil Casts Doubt on Oldest Bird

A new Cornish hen–sized creature, discovered by Chinese paleontologists, throws the traditional chronology into question.

By Jocelyn Rice
Dec 22, 2011 6:00 AMNov 12, 2019 4:48 AM
<a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Xiaotingia_.jpg">El fosilmaníaco</a> via Wikipedia | NULL


Sign up for our email newsletter for the latest science news

For a century and a half, the 150-million-year-old feathered creature called Archaeopteryx has reigned as the earliest known bird and as a symbol of the link between ancient dinosaurs and living fowl. This July Chinese paleontologists reported on a new fossil that may oust the icon from its long-held position.

The upset comes from a Cornish hen–sized beast called Xiaotingia zhengi, which fluttered around what is now China during the Late Jurassic. A team led by Xing Xu at the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology in Beijing used computer software to examine evolutionary relationships among early birds and related dinosaurs, based on 374 skeletal characteristics. When they included Xiaotingia in the mix, Archaeopteryx was uprooted from the avian family tree and relegated to a separate lineage of dinosaurs. In its place, recently discovered fossils such as Epidexipteryx—a 6-ounce dinosaur with long tail feathers—stood out as the earliest birds.

Xu cautions that the proposed evolutionary reshuffling must be shored up by further analysis. But by grouping similar fossils more closely together, he says, the revamped history produces “a simple and beautiful scenario” for how birds evolved.

1 free article left
Want More? Get unlimited access for as low as $1.99/month

Already a subscriber?

Register or Log In

1 free articleSubscribe
Discover Magazine Logo
Want more?

Keep reading for as low as $1.99!


Already a subscriber?

Register or Log In

More From Discover
Recommendations From Our Store
Shop Now
Stay Curious
Our List

Sign up for our weekly science updates.

To The Magazine

Save up to 40% off the cover price when you subscribe to Discover magazine.

Copyright © 2024 Kalmbach Media Co.