Register for an account

X

Enter your name and email address below.

Your email address is used to log in and will not be shared or sold. Read our privacy policy.

X

Website access code

Enter your access code into the form field below.

If you are a Zinio, Nook, Kindle, Apple, or Google Play subscriber, you can enter your website access code to gain subscriber access. Your website access code is located in the upper right corner of the Table of Contents page of your digital edition.

Health

#82: The New Immune System Weapon: A DNA Catapult in Your Gut

Triggered by harmful bacteria, cells fling killer webs of DNA to ensnare the intruder.

immunecells.jpg
Immune cells release webs of mitochondrial DNA. | Image courtesy of Hans-Uwe Simon

Newsletter

Sign up for our email newsletter for the latest science news

Researchers looking at the white blood cells called eosinophils found a new weapon in the immune arsenal: toxic webs of DNA flung in less than a second by a kind of cellular catapult. Triggered by a bacterial invader, the eosinophils hurl DNA snares and secrete toxic proteins. The snares trap the bacteria and concentrate the toxins enough to do some damage.

“It’s likely that the DNA is not the killer—it’s the proteins bound to the net that kill the bacteria,” says Hans-Uwe Simon of the University of Bern in Switzerland, who published his findings in August. “But without the DNA net, the toxic proteins would diffuse too much to have an effect.”

The toxins that eosinophils secrete can also hurt healthy tissue, so DNA snares may also be doing damage control by corralling the toxins, Simon says. No harm results to the cell from ejecting the DNA, he found, because it comes not from the critical genetic material in the nucleus but from intracellular organs called mitochondria, which are more expendable. It is not clear, however, how eosinophils produce such an explosive release of mitochondrial DNA.

    2 Free Articles Left

    Want it all? Get unlimited access when you subscribe.

    Subscribe

    Already a subscriber? Register or Log In

    Want unlimited access?

    Subscribe today and save 70%

    Subscribe

    Already a subscriber? Register or Log In