Nobody who is familiar with the literature on this will be surprised, but it's good to accumulate new evidence and also to keep the issue in the public eye: academic scientists are, on average, biased against women. I know it's fun to change the subject and talk about bell curves and intrinsic ability, but hopefully we can all agree that people with the same ability should be treated equally. And they are not. That's the conclusion of a new study in PNAS by Corinne Moss-Racusin and collaborators at Yale. (Hat tip Dan Vergano.) To test scientist's reactions to men and women with precisely equal qualifications, the researchers did a randomized double-blind study in which academic scientists were given application materials from a student applying for a lab manager position. The substance of the applications were all identical, but sometimes a male name was attached, and sometimes a female name. Results: female applicants were rated lower than men on the measured scales of competence, hireability, and mentoring (whether the scientist would be willing to mentor this student). Both male and female scientists rated the female applicants lower.
I have no reason to think that scientists are more sexist than people in other professions in the US, but this is my profession, and I'd like to see it do better. Admitting that the problem exists is a good start.