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Planet Earth

Koalas hug trees to beat the heat.

Seriously, Science?By Seriously ScienceNovember 7, 2016 5:00 PM
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Figure 1: Thermal image of a koala hugging the cool lower limb of a tree, illustrating a posture typically observed during hot weather. Koalas are well known for their fuzzy ears, cute noses, eucalyptus diet, and of course their penchant for hugging trees. According to these scientists, this behavior does more than just keep the koalas from falling out of the tree. By tracking the position of koalas over many days, they found that on the hottest days, koalas snuggle up on trees with low internal temperatures. They calculate that this behavior significantly reduces the koala's need to cool off by sweating. How cool is that?Tree-hugging koalas demonstrate a novel thermoregulatory mechanism for arboreal mammals. "How climate impacts organisms depends not only on their physiology, but also whether they can buffer themselves against climate variability via their behaviour. One of the way species can withstand hot temperatures is by seeking out cool microclimates, but only if their habitat provides such refugia. Here, we describe a novel thermoregulatory strategy in an arboreal mammal, the koala Phascolarctos cinereus. During hot weather, koalas enhanced conductive heat loss by seeking out and resting against tree trunks that were substantially cooler than ambient air temperature. Using a biophysical model of heat exchange, we show that this behaviour greatly reduces the amount of heat that must be lost via evaporative cooling, potentially increasing koala survival during extreme heat events. While it has long been known that internal temperatures of trees differ from ambient air temperatures, the relevance of this for arboreal and semi-arboreal mammals has not previously been explored. Our results highlight the important role of tree trunks as aboveground ‘heat sinks’, providing cool local microenvironments not only for koalas, but also for all tree-dwelling species." The wonders of koala poop revealed!Wile E. Coyote's dissertation, finally published!Forget vitamin C! Hugging proven to reduce cold symptoms.

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