Environment

Rare, Potent Greenhouse Gas Is Rising "Quasi-Exponentially"

80beatsBy Nina BaiOct 24, 2008 9:58 PM

Newsletter

Sign up for our email newsletter for the latest science news
 

New measurements of a rare but potent greenhouse gas finds levels to be four times higher than previously thought. Nitrogen trifluoride (NF3), used mainly in the manufacture of flatscreen TVs and microcircuits, is 17,000 times more powerful at trapping heat than an equal mass of carbon dioxide. Although NF3 is currently responsible for only 0.15 percent of human-induced global warming, the new analysis indicates that levels of the gas

are rising "quasi-exponentially" [New Scientist].

Scientists at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography in La Jolla, California looked at air samples taken in California and in Australia.

They found that over the past three decades, the atmospheric concentration of the gas has increased more than 20-fold, from 0.02 to 0.454 parts per trillion, with most emissions occurring in the Northern Hemisphere. The overall amount of the gas in the atmosphere, estimated in 2006 at less than 1,200 tonnes, was then actually 4,200 tonnes and has since risen to 5,400 tonnes, they report in

Geophysical Research Letters[subscription required] [Nature News].

Yet the Kyoto protocol does not set limits on NF3 emissions because it was made in tiny amounts when the protocol was agreed in 1997 [New Scientist].

The gas was introduced in the last decade as a safer alternative to perfluorocarbon gases (PFCs), another potent greenhouse gas that is regulated by the Kyoto protocol. However, the dangers of NF3 emissions were not publicized until earlier this year, and previous techniques could not accurately gauge levels of the gas in the atmosphere. "Now we need to get hard numbers on how much is flowing through the system, from production to disposal,"

says Michael Prather, an atmospheric chemist.

[New Scientist]

Scientists are pushing for tighter regulations of

NF3

. Ray Weiss, co-author of the new study, says, "From a climate perspective, there is a need to add nitrogen trifluoride to the suite of greenhouse gases whose production is inventoried and whose emissions are regulated under the Kyoto Protocol, thus providing meaningful incentives for its wise use" [Reuters].

Related Content: DISCOVER: Would Al Gore Call You Naughty or Nice? DISCOVER: Gallery: Quantifying Global Warming 80beats: California Announces Ambitious Plan to Cut Greenhouse Gases

Image: flickr/ Jami3.org

1 free article left
Want More? Get unlimited access for as low as $1.99/month

Already a subscriber?

Register or Log In

1 free articleSubscribe
Magazine Examples
Want more?

Keep reading for as low as $1.99!

Subscribe

Already a subscriber?

Register or Log In

More From Discover
Recommendations From Our Store
Shop Now
Stay Curious
Join
Our List

Sign up for our weekly science updates.

 
Subscribe
To The Magazine

Save up to 70% off the cover price when you subscribe to Discover magazine.

Copyright © 2021 Kalmbach Media Co.